Micronutrient malnutrition deficiency is caused by a dietary deficiency of vitamin(s) and/ or mineral(s) occurring in all population groups and in all regions of the world and is not necessarily restricted to socioeconomically disadvantaged individuals or communities. Micronutrient consists of vitamins and minerals. Considerable proportions of the population from developed countries to suffer from nutritional problems, although the most severe problems of micronutrient malnutrition are found in developing countries. Approximately 4-5 billion people suffer from iron deficiency, 2 billion are iodine deficient, about 150 million are vitamin A deficient and as many as 3 billion people are at risk of zinc deficiency.
The causes of micronutrient malnutrition are varied including inadequate dietary intakes of the essential vitamins and minerals, repeated infections, and poor bioavailability. Other factors that might lead to micronutrient malnutrition are poverty, lack of access to a variety of foods, lack of knowledge about optimal dietary practices and infections.
Policies and programmes need to be developed for ensuring availability of and access to a variety of good quality foods for all sections of the population. There are short-term strategies that aim at supplying micronutrient supplements in addition to the usual food. National Nutrition Company can provide multivitamin supplements to the population in order to alleviate the public health problem of micronutrient malnutrition. Some of the pharmaceutical supplements manufactured by the nationalnutrition such as iron pills can be taken by women and children in order to prevent anemia.
Other than supplements, the National nutrition company can also work on manufacturing sprinkles, add synthetic vitamin or mineral compounds to staple foods, or develop micronutrient premixes to alleviate micronutrient malnutrition.
The supplement manufacturing companies such as national nutrition supplements Canada can be a part of public-private partnerships to develop programs to prevent malnutrition among the vulnerable group of the population, that is, adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and children.